Knowhow That Helps Your Tyres Last Longer for Better Performance
If you are moving around from your home to office or to a nearby shopping mall, you probably are using the vehicle like a car, motorbike, scooty, cycle or bus for commuting. We are often riding or driving these vehicles, unaware of their actual history and development. In this write-up, I will try to brief you a little about this revolutionary invention which is often referred to as invention of wheel or tyre. Initially, it was a simple round shaped cut out of the wooden log with a hole in the centre to connect with a long wooden axle. In the early 20th century it was a solid wheel made of wooden boards, bound with a metal wheel rim. Today tyres are as the most essential part of the whole wheel and mostly made of synthetic rubber. Our primary focus of discussion will be limited to the tyre and how the tyres last longer, when appropriate steps have been taken to maintain them.
Difference between Types of Wheels and Tyres
It is a circular round object that revolves on an axle and is fixed on a vehicle or other object to support its movement easily over the ground. For e.g. Supermarket trolley.
Types of Wheels
The different wheel types that are manufactured are alloy, artillery, ball transfer unit, bicycle, etc., and many more.
It is a rubber covering, usually inflated or surrounding an inflated inner tube, placed round a wheel to form a soft contact with the road. The purpose of them is to avoid bumps and reduce friction between the rim and the road, thus tyres last longer.
Types of tyres
Two types of tyre manufacturing is very common today, namely the cross-ply and radial. Today passenger cars use radial tyres, mostly. And so do the four-wheel-drives, heavy vehicles as well. Both of these types are such that the tyres last longer according to the vehicle utility.
Tube tyres work on the principle of an inner tube attached to seal the air inside the tyre. And of course the purpose is to give stoutness, so that the tyres last longer.
Whereas the Tubeless tyres do not have the inner tube by covering the complete wheel and tyre assembly air-tight by themselves and maintain the air pressure within. But they do this through a special air-tight valve assembly fitted within the framework, so that it remains safe and the tyres last longer. This can be a close-fitting into the rim, or it can be attached with a nut and sealing washers.
Tyres identification marks
You may have noticed that there are markings on the sidewalls of a tyre. These typically include the maker’s name, the rim size, and the type of tyre construction, aspect ratio, maximum load and speed and, sometimes, intended use. Using the recommended tyres helps in the control of the overall load on them. In case of not using the precise ones can lead to bearing either to loosen or tighten, thus changing the steering characteristics.
Tyre Tread Designs
We have divided Tyre designs into 3 major categories:
Directional tread patterns: This type of tyre can only be mounted to the wheel so that it revolves in a particular direction to correspond with the tread pattern. An arrow on the tyre sidewall shows the designed direction of forward travel.
Non-directional: Such patterned tyres are designed in such a way that they can be mounted on the road wheel for any direction of rotation.
Symmetric and Asymmetric
Symmetric designed tyres have continuous ribs or tread blocks running independently across the complete face of both halves of the tyre.
Asymmetric on the other hand has tread design characterized by different halves of the inner and outer pattern.
Tyres and their working
The tyre construction provides a cushion between the vehicle and the road to have balanced friction and play a role in bearable transmission of road shocks. The friction allows the vehicle to perform its functions normally. Though most of the modern tyres are manufactured from synthetic rubber but other range of materials are also used as per the requirement.
So how to make your tyres last longer
Keep a check on your car’s shock absorbers
If they are stiff, keep a regular check based on the mileage that you cover every week or in a month. Put a notepad in your glove compartment and match with the readings. The shock absorbers become stiff because of oil seepage or the rubbers worn out. And this is due to up and down movement of the vehicle on different roads and at varied speed.
Check on the overall suspension
Suspension means the overall system of tyres, tyre air pressure, the springs, shock absorbers and connecting linkages of the vehicle to its wheels. The suspension maintains the relative motion between the two sides of the vehicle. They designed it in such a way that it protects the vehicle itself and any cargo that is in it from any damage. Suspension systems must ensure the support of both the road holding, the vehicle handling, and the overall quality of ride. So keep a check on these different parts. It is maybe because of a single part or the overall suspension wear out that may start the quick worn out of the tyres. Get them repaired immediately, if you want a longer life for your tyres.
Tyre Rod and Ball joints
If the tyre rod is wearing out because of the heavy usage, check it by lifting the car.
Once the car is on the jack, see if there is play in the tyre with the 3 and 9 o’clock direction movement back and forth. It is a clear indicator of the tyre rod problem. And moving up and down at 6 and 12 o’clock direction means that it is the ball joints that are getting whacked. It could be bearings problem, if the whole wheel is wobbling around.
Keep the air pressure as specified
Keeping correct tyre pressure is important all times. Because if one tyre is higher or lower can imbalance the overall vehicle. This may lead to load on one side more than the other, thus destroying the wheel that is carrying more load. Keeping the right pressure i.e. between 30-35 psi (pounds per square inch) will keep the middle and the edges of each tyre equal. And same psi must be put up in the both rear wheels and a little lesser in the front wheels.
Serve through your own tyre gauge
You can buy one pressure pump gauge, which is quite cheap, and keep it in your car. This will be really useful in times of emergency especially. And yes, always try to measure the pressure when the tyres are cool, because when tyres are warm wrong pressure is recorded. You can try to purchase it online and often there are discounts like automotive discount codes which apply to buying items in different categories. On different occasions, there are several other discount codes available you can opt for them as well. Or if you wish to buy in person, it is your choice as you can check the gauge and then buy it.
If you drive little
This was a case with me, I often used my bike or went with a colleague to office. So my car was most of the time standing alone without being used much. So take your car out often for short drives. Because the tyres because of the consistent standing in a place have constant pressure and the weight is not displaced, thus cracks appear on your tyres as they dry up.
Hopefully, your car performance will now be maintained
Hope the above knowledge will help you in maintaining your car’s tyres last longer. And that they remain up to date and problem free. So drive safe and stay secure.